Family Background And Students’ Academic Achievement In Business In Junior Secondary Schools

FAMILY BACKGROUND AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN BUSINESS IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IKOT EKPENE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA
FAMILY BACKGROUND AND STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN BUSINESS IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IKOT EKPENE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

Family Background And Students’ Academic Achievement In Business In Junior Secondary Schools

Abstract: The study investigated on the “Family Background and Students’ Academic Achievement in Business in Junior Secondary Schools In Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area”. Three research questions were formulated to guide the study. Survey research design was used for the study. The population of the study comprised of all the junior secondary two students in the research area. The simple random sampling technique was adopted to select 200 Junior secondary school two students offering business studies. The instruments for data collection were Business studies achievement test and structured questionnaire for Family Background (SQFB). The data collected was analyzed using simple percentage method. The result revealed that family Background such as parents’ income level,, educational level of parents and occupational status of parents can influence or affect the academic achievement of busnies studies students in Ikoe Ekpene Local Government Area . Thus, it was recommended that, government through the Ministry of Education should evolve support programmes for students from low income homes, also government should create jobs especially for the unemployed citizens and also parents who are uneducated or unemployed should be creative and be self-employed, to help them cater for their children.

Chapter One

Introduction

1.1       Background to the Study

The home is the stepping stone in the education and general socialization of the child. The child learns the basic social norms and rules firstly at home from the parents (Bartini, 2007).

In accordance with the aims of preprimary education, that parents should be able to effect a smooth transition from home to school, children should have adequate preparation at home before moving to other levels of education. Moreover, while the scientific literature is not so clear, it is widely believed that while raising the education for mothers and fathers have broadly similar effects on household income, the external effects associated with education is larger for maternal education than for paternal because mothers tends to be the main provider of care within the household (FRN, 2004).

The existence of such externalities provides an important argument for subsidizing the education of children, especially in households with low income and or low educated parents. One of the key variables in discussing the influence the home has on learning is the parental socioeconomic status. Several studies have established a positive relationship between parental socio-economic status and the children’s interest in learning and performance at school (Cole, 2004, Hearn, 2001). As noted by Woodard (2001), the child’s interest in learning is a function of the learning environment, paramount among which is the parent.

Family Background And Students’ Academic Achievement In Business In Junior Secondary Schools

Parent’s occupation, social status, general standard of living, family size, available medical and health care, cognitive stimulation and motivation are some of the parental background factors which may affect students’ achievement in school (Fraser, 2006). The need to examine the influence of these income characteristics on the interest of the students in learning in the present study was informed by the persistent downward trends in students’ academic performance and the relationship between students’ home environment and their academic performances. Parental income is also potentially endogenous either because correlated with unobservable characteristics explaining educational performance, or because the parental education effect is through income.

1.2       Statement of the Study

It is a general believe that parental socioeconomic status has contributed much to the students’ academic achievement. But the assumption that, the higher the socioeconomic status of parents, the higher the students’ academic achievement is questionable, debatable and arguable, because students whose parents did not attend any level of education, have no reasonable income and have no good occupation equally have high academic achievement.

Poor academic performance by students is a multifaceted problem, caused by many and varied factors. Some see the poor performance by students as a reflection of the falling standard of education in our society. While some see the students’ variable as the major factor, others see home background variables, societal variables, and even school environment variable as responsible for lack of students’ interest in learning and their poor academic performance. However, low standard of academic performance of students as experienced today, is largely attributed in part to the failure of the home as the fostering center for development and the matrix in which future personality is shaped (John, 2006).

Family Background And Students’ Academic Achievement In Business In Junior Secondary Schools

Studies identify parental socio-economic variables such as occupation, income and education as significant predictors of students’ academic performance (Kozol, 2006, Ogodo, 2004). Therefore, it is necessary to find out how Family Background and Students’ Academic Achievement In Business In Junior Secondary Schools In Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area

1.3       Purpose of the Study

The Main purpose of the study was to examine the influence of family background and students’ academic achievement in business in junior secondary schools in Ikot Ekpene local government area

. Specifically, the study seeks to:

  1. Find out the influence of parents’ income level on students academic performance in business study in Ikot Ekpene local Government Area.
  2. To examine the influence of parental occupation on students’ academic performance In Business Education in Ikot Ekpene Local Government Area.
  3. To examine the influence of parental educational status on students’ academic performance in business education in Ikot Ekpene Local government Area.

Originally posted on June 10, 2021 @ 4:31 pm

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