Abstract: The study examined Influence of Job Satisfaction And The Teaching Of Biology Among Secondary School Teachers. In order to attain the aims of the topic, three research questions and three research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Literature of work done by other authors was reviewed to in order to employ the opinion on this topic. The researcher adopted a survey research design in carrying out the study. Population of the study consisted of all the teachers in all the secondary schools in the study area. The study sampled size was 22 Biology teachers randomly selected from all the secondary school in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area. The instruments used for data collection was the researcher made questionnaire titled Job Satisfaction and the Teaching of Biology Questionnaire (JSTQ). To ascertain the level of Job Satisfaction and the Teaching of Biology, chi-square statistical tool was used in the analysis and the hypotheses.
Influence of Job Satisfaction And The Teaching Of Biology Among Secondary School Teachers
1.1 Background to the Study
A teacher is an expert who is capable of imparting knowledge that will help learners to build, identify and to acquire skills that will be used to face the challenges in life. The teacher also provides to the learners knowledge, skills and values that enhance development. Teachers are very important in any system of education. No proper education can ever be achieved without adequately trained and motivated teachers. For optimum results to be got from teachers, their satisfaction is of utmost importance. However, assuring teachers’ satisfaction is not an easy task given that human beings’ needs can never be fully satisfied as the satisfaction of one need leads to the desire for another higher level need. Therefore, teachers over the world seem not to be satisfied, not even in developed countries.
Job satisfaction is very crucial to the development of education and personnel’s in the educational industry. In line with this, needs satisfaction and motivation to work are very essential in the lives of teachers because they form the fundamental reason for working in life. The teacher like every other workers works in order to satisfy his or her needs.
Many factors plays an important part in the success of educational institutions like teachers, finance, infrastructure, shelter, means of transport etc. But from them, “teachers” are the most important factors for success rate of educational institutions. It is essential for every management to effectively utilize their teachers. In an educational institution every teacher is assigned certain set of tasks to perform where is working and these set of tasks is known as job in an educational institution.
As teachers are very important in any educational institution, it is vital to check on their performance, attitude and feelings. Every management believes that teachers can bring their institution success and so it is very important for every management to identify whether their employees are really satisfied or not and job satisfaction survey is a tool to check whether a teacher is happy with his job or not.
It is important for every institution of learning to know job satisfaction level of their employees because success of their institutions is dependent to a great extent upon the satisfied teaching staff. Satisfaction refers to individual elements of one’s job, like as salary, promotion, growth prospects, physical environment, working hours, so on and so forth.
Teacher satisfaction plays important role in the promotion of teaching and learning excellence. Generally, satisfied teachers are more likely to motivate students to learn in the classroom, to ensure the implementation of educational reforms and feelings of satisfaction and fulfilment. While teacher satisfaction is fundamental to the teaching and learning process, several teachers are not highly satisfied. This observation should be taken seriously and an investigation into the factors influencing teacher motivation is therefore necessary to achieve the educational goals in every learning institution.
The relevance of job satisfaction is very crucial to the long-term growth of any educational system around the world. It probably ranks alongside professional knowledge and skills, centre competencies, educational resources and strategies as the veritable determinants of educational success and performance. Professional knowledge, skills and centre competencies occur when one feels effective in one’s behaviour.Teachers‟ opportunities for promotion are also likely to exert an influence on job satisfaction. By supporting this Robbins (2013) maintains that promotion opportunities provide for personal growth, increased responsibility, and increased social status. Limited or lack of opportunities of teachers for promotion affects educational outputs negatively. According to Luthans (2008), salaries not only assist people to attain their basic needs, but are also instrumental in satisfying the higher level needs of people. Monetary and other kinds of equitable incentives encourage teachers’ job satisfaction.
Job satisfaction is either a global feeling about the job or a related constellation of attitudes about various aspects of facets of the job. The facet approach is used to find out which parts of the job produce satisfaction or dissatisfaction. The most important factors conducive to job satisfaction include mentally challenging work, equitable rewards, supportive working conditions and supportive environment. For most employees work also fills the need for social interaction and so, friendly supportive employees also lead to increased job satisfaction (Drago and others, 2012).
Job satisfaction can also be seen as an indicator of emotional well-being or psychological health. According to Boone and Kuntz (2012), offering teachers fair and reasonable compensation motivate them to put in their best in achieving the instructional objectives for the learners. They further stated that schools cannot operate smoothly and cannot achieve their objectives and goals if the teachers are not satisfied. Umoh (2010), teacher job satisfaction is a measure of school effectiveness. When teachers are not satisfied with their jobs to the extent that attrition rate is high, it means that the schools are not effective.
Eze (2011) stated that teachers’ job satisfaction is influenced by such important factors as teachers’ way of selecting the profession of teaching, their gender, working conditions, difficulties in the profession, financial conditions, experience in teaching, relationships with colleagues, corporate policies, and opportunities of promotion within the school, administrators and management. However, it is an issue of discussion and research how and to what extent these factors influence teachers’ job satisfaction. The study was therefore conducted to examine how prompt payment of teachers’ salary, promotion and teachers’ welfare influence the teaching of Biology among secondary school teachers.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
School teachers in Nigeria have complained of government inability to satisfy their needs. Among workers in the civil service, the teachers are the least motivated. Their salaries are not paid when due and their promotion is delayed.The salary is not paid as at when the promotion took place. The classroom where they carry out their job is overcrowded and in some cases, the children sit on the floor to learn. This makes it difficult for the teacher to manage his class effectively. Besides, government officials from ministry of education, parents, and members of the community where they teach do not have respect for them. To enhance their economy and living standards, most teachers engage in other business ventures during the school period. The time and energy devoted to the business affect their commitment to duty and consequently affect the performance of the students.
Moreover, whenever teachers are not adequately taken care of especially with regards to regular and prompt payment of their salaries and other entitlements, their attitude to work automatically changes. They refuse to obey laid down rules for their work. They could come to work and instead of teaching, many of them resort to discussing their personal problems in their staff rooms and offices. This study is therefore sought to examine job satisfaction and the teaching of Biology among secondary school teachers.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of job satisfaction and the teaching of Biology among secondary school teachers. Specifically, the study sought to:
- Determine the influence of prompt payment of teachers’ salary and teaching of Biology among secondary school teachers.
- examine the influence of teachers’ promotion and the teaching of Biology among secondary school teachers.
- Determine the influence of teachers’ welfare and the teaching of Biology among secondary school teachers .
Influence of Job Satisfaction And The Teaching Of Biology Among Secondary School Teachers
1.4 Significance of the Study
It is anticipated that the study will:
- Provide school teachers and head teacher with information about job satisfaction and factors are affecting it. This will be used to improve their influences and management approaches.
- Provide public secondary schools administrators with insights on correct management styles that will improve teachers’ performance.
- Provide useful information to the Ministry of Education on how to develop best education management practices and policies to enhance job satisfaction of teachers in public secondary schools.
- Stimulate further research on appropriate practices that will enhance job satisfaction and effectiveness among employees thus improving productivity and develop commitment of public servants.