Relationship between Fake Drugs and People’s Perception of Health Care Delivery System

Relationship between Fake Drugs and People’s Perception of Health Care Delivery System
Relationship between Fake Drugs and People’s Perception of Health Care Delivery System

Relationship between Fake Drugs and People’s Perception of Health Care Delivery System



The health and well-being of the citizen is a major concern of every Government in every nation. The general well-being and the health care delivery system of every nation depend mostly in the spread of quality and effective drugs in the state. This project work critically assessed the relationship between fake drugs and people’s health care delivery system, using Uyo teaching hospital as the case study. This study however, shall highlight the preset health risk associated with the prevalence of fake drugs in the state.

The survey research method is used while the simple percentage is used for analyzing responses gotten from questionnaires administered. The sample populations are the medical staff with a sample size of 100 staff drawn from the Uyo teaching Hospital, Akwa Ibom State. It is therefore recommended that the government should empower NAFDAC by provision of adequate workforce, equipments and materials for enforcement activities as well as provide finance for building of quality assurance laboratories that is well equipped in every state of the country, as these will reduce the workload of staff and increase efficiency.


Relationship between Fake Drugs and People’s Perception of Health Care Delivery System



1.1 Background to the study

Drugs offer a simple, cost-effective solution to many health problems provided they are available, affordable, and properly used. Drugs are essential for the provision of both curative and preventive health care. The private sector provides most of the health care delivery in Nigeria. Patients or end users obtain drugs from hospital pharmacies (public or private) or retail outlets (pharmacies or patent medicine shops, illegal vendors, and hawkers). The reality is a chaotic drug distribution network handled by both professionals and nonprofessionals comprising both registered and non-registered premises.

Drug Faking is a global public health problem, because the effects can be felt from both the country of manufacture to the recipient countries. Hence, national measures for combating of fake drugs in country might be insufficient because of the advanced sophistications of those who manufactures and sells them. Nigeria is not an exception in the problems of fake drugs till date. Some people still prefer to self medicate when they are ill, and often time the drugs are bought from unlicensed drug vendors, whose drug quality is not sure. Through the past two decades in Nigeria, the problem of fake drugs has been a very big issue. In addition, fake drugs proved a major factor in contributing to high death rates. Over 150 children died in 1989 as a result of a formulation error in a drug. Such problems led to the establishment of NAFDAC, which would help create a fake-drug-free environment (NAFDAC consumer safety, 2003).

Stanback, (2011) asserted that fake drugs are defined differently in different countries. The definitions used in the various World Health Organization (WHO) Member States show that the problem of fake drugs varies from country to country. Fake Drug occurs globally, although there are claims that it is more common in developing countries with weak regulatory systems.  In developing countries, the most disturbing issue is the common availability of counterfeit drugs for the treatment of life-threatening conditions such as malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS.

Use of fake drugs can result in treatment failure, harm, or even death (Dillon, 2014). Public confidence in healthcare delivery systems may be eroded following the use and/or detection of counterfeit drugs. Counterfeiting is difficult to detect, investigate, quantify, or stop. Factors facilitating the occurrence of counterfeit drugs include weak penal sanctions and weak or absent national drug regulatory authorities, among others. Heightening vigilance and awareness of counterfeiting among healthcare providers is one of the measures to combat drug faking.

The aim of this study is to document the relationship between fake drugs and people’s perceptions of health care delivery system in Uyo Akwa Ibom State.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Fake drugs are believed to be poisonous, toxic, threats to life, health risks, without therapeutic usefulness, with insufficient therapeutic benefits; and can cause treatment failures, death, disease complications, worsening of disease conditions and development of drug resistance, delayed recovery and human organ damage. Because of its effects on the human system, the confidence of both the health care professionals and consumers in our health care delivery system is in doubt.

In the past, Nigerian government through her regulatory agencies such as NAFDAC had made serious efforts toward solving this problem. The regulatory agencies have increased public awareness on fake drugs, ensured that drugs in use in Nigeria are approved and registered, known fake drug manufacturers are banned from marketing their products in Nigeria, re-inspection of production facilities to ensure that such facilities still conform to appropriate standards, and persons caught with fake drugs were made to pay heavy penalties. Also, the agencies have interacted with some foreign governments to ensure that such countries’ pharmaceutical industries export to Nigeria only genuine products. This study therefore investigates the relationship between fake drug and people’s perception of healthcare delivery system.


Relationship between Fake Drugs and People’s Perception of Health Care Delivery System

1.3 Purpose of the Study

Following the rapid increase of fake drugs in Nigeria, this study was therefore investigated upon in order to achieve the following specific objectives:

  1. To determine the effect of fake drugs in human health care delivery system
  2. To ascertain the factors that facilitates the prevalence of fakes drugs in the State
  3. To examine the measures of limiting the prevalence of fake drugs in the state

1.4 Research Questions

To understand the varying views of the public about their perception on fake drugs, the following questions have been put forward to guide the researcher in carrying out the investigation.

  1. Does fake drugs affects human healthcare delivery system?
  2. What are the factors that facilitate the prevalence of fake drugs in the state?
  3. What measures can be suggested curb the prevalence of fake drugs in the state?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study sought to investigate the relationship between fake drugs and people’s perception of healthcare delivery system.

It is my belief that this study will increase the level of commitment of people to their health care needs. It will also motivate people to ensure that the quality of drugs, health care services and qualification of their health care providers are as prescribed and regulated by government. It will also encourage people to acquire self–care knowledge and skills that they need to participate more actively in fostering their own health and in shaping conditions that influence their own health.

Finally, it will help various drug agencies to provide necessary measure in limiting the preponderance of fake drugs in the state.

1.6     Scope of the study

Due to the brand nature of this type of research, the scope of this work has been reduced to Uyo Local Government Area in Akwa Ibom State.

1.7     Operational Definition of Terms

For easy appreciation/understanding of the key variables as used in the context of this study, there is every need to give their conceptual and operational meanings.

Fake drugs: A fake drug is a medication or pharmaceutical product which is produced and sold with the intent to deceptively represent its origin, authenticity or effectiveness.

Faking: Faking is the act of copying a piece of work (literary, artistic or industrial) in violation of the author’s or inventor’s rights and often to the prejudice of the consumer.

Drugs: A drug is a chemical which is given to people in order to treat or prevent an illness or disease.

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Peter Hezekiah Lawson (Sir Pee). The CEO of A reputable researcher, Web Developer, ICT Instructor and a publisher of many research works in Education.