UTILIZATION OF AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE

UTILIZATION OF AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE
UTILIZATION OF AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE

UTILIZATION OF AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE

ABSTRACT: This study was carried out to determine the effects of audio-visual aids on the academic performance of students in Integrated Science in Ini Local Government Area. Research design was quasi experimental. Two (2) public secondary schools were randomly selected from eight (8) public secondary schools in the area. An intact class of one school was used as experimental group and the other school as control group. A total sample of 100 students was used for the study. Two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study, while data were collected using Integrated Science Performance Test (ISPET) as the instrument. Results obtained from the analysis using t-test statistics revealed that, hypothesis(1): there is a significant difference in the academic performance of students that are taught integrated science with audio-visual aids and those that are taught integrated science without audio-visual aids. Hypothesis (2): there is no significant difference in the academic performance of male and female students that are taught integrated science with audio-visual aids at P=0.05 level of significant. This implies that, those exposed to audio-visual aids perform magnificently better than those without audio-visual aids.  And it also shows that there is no effect on males and females taught integrated science with audio-visual aids. Following the above findings, it is recommended that, adequate audio-visual aids should be provided in schools by government; parents should ignore the belief of gender disparity among their children; Teachers should be encouraged to improvise instructional materials for effective learning.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1        Background to the Study

A child’s science education really begins in his first year of life and his pre-school science experience constitutes to a large extent the determining factor of his science ability in school (Churchill, 2001).

Ausubel (2005) maintains that every normal child can learn practically everything, if given the right quality of instruction at the appropriate time. A very important variable which has direct bearing on instruction is the amount of instructional materials and resources available to the teacher and students in schools. The art and meaning of learning processes, retentive learning can be greatly enhanced and assisted by understanding that governs meaningful learning.

Osafehinti (2009), argued that children who have been advantaged to being exposed to scientific situation in their immediate surrounding can gain accelerated knowledge of science before reaching the school age. Thus a child’s attitude and motivation to learn science are determined by social and economic factors.

Alcorn kinder and Schunert (2002), pointed-out that the amount of materials that can be re-called varies with the sensory stimulation emphasized during the process of learning. Instructional materials that stimulate both the auditory and visual senses simultaneously, without completely relying on either, belong to the group called audiovisuals. They include the television, audio-slide, audio-pictorial, video-tape and audio-transparency presentations among others. Learners can recall 50 percent of what they learn by hearing and seeing at the same time.

UTILIZATION OF AUDIO-VISUAL AIDS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE

1.2     Statement of the Problem

It has been observed that while Integrated Science remains one of the core science subjects in secondary schools, the performance of students in examinations has not been very impressive. A lot of people have attributed the poor performance of students to a number of factors including the unavailability of instructional material like audio-visual aids.

It is on this premise that the researcher is motivated to conduct a research on the utilization of audio-visual aids and students academic performance in Integrated Science in secondary schools in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

1.3     Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to assess the utilization of audio-visual aids and students academic performance in Integrated Science in Ini local Government Area.

Specifically, the study sought to

  1. Compare the academic performance of students taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids and those taught without.
  2. Compare the academic performance of male and female students taught Integrated Science with audio-visual aids.

1.4    Significance of the Study

This research has a vivid significance, most importantly; it will bring to our awareness the relevant infrastructure which has bedeviled the effective Integrated Science teaching and learning.

Consequently, it will make parents to see the need of providing audio-visual aids like television, computers, videotape at home for use by their children.

The study shall alert the government on the urgent need to provide these materials to schools for effective implementation of the programme.

  1. It will make teachers to be aware of the place of audio-visual aids and students academic performance in Integrated Science.
  2. It shall also bring to the awareness of the teachers constraints in procuring and utilizing audio-visual aids.
  3. Finally, the school of science, Akwa Ibom State College of Education, Afaha Nsit and other tertiary institutions will derive immense benefits accruing from this study.

If the recommendations about the re-planning and re-structuring of the training programmes shall be affected from these, institutions will be proficient to face the challenges of Integrated Science teaching in our secondary schools.

About Peter Lawson 2362 Articles
Peter Hezekiah Lawson (Sir Pee). The CEO of onlineproject.com.ng. A reputable researcher, Web Developer, ICT Instructor and a publisher of many research works in Education. Call/Whatsapp for complete material: 07068634102

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