FAMILY TYPES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

FAMILY TYPES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS
FAMILY TYPES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS
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FAMILY TYPES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

CHAPTER ONE

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INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the study

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The issue of the upsurge of academic failure among the youths is a menace that has stirred both the government and stakeholders in the face. There is a consensus of opinion about the fallen standard of education as a big problem that is hindering the posterity of the nation in terms of man power resources. Most students in secondary school experience academic problem that manifests itself in the form of academic poor performance. Many educational authorities have sought to find out the reasons for the downward trend in the academic achievement of secondary school students.

A consideration of student’s family background is very important in teaching and learning. This is because this study has shown that the nature of social interaction within the family can influence the child’s personality. A negative  influence  on a child’s emotions and psychology

will consequently affect his or her academic achievement. The school is the second home of the child, therefore the social climate for learning in the school should be made conducive so that the students can do better in their academics. Fasanmi (2010), Akinboye (2001) and Aremu (2000) posited that many factors have been attributed to these poor academic performances. Emeke (2014) stressed that the environmental condition and the nature of social interaction that goes on in the family may have some positive or negative influence on the academic achievement of a child. Adesehinwa and Aremu (2010) (A Personal Communication   at   The  World  Conference  For  Psychology  and Counselling, Antalya, Turkey) posit that factors resident in child, family, society, government and the school may be composite causative effects for these downtrend; they, however concluded that there is a need for each of these variables to be considered extensively, hence the focus of this study is to critically consider family type and effects on academic achievements of secondary school students. The family, being a powerful influence on the child and its importance as a primary agent of socialization could in no doubt enhance or hinder the academic achievement of the child depending on the social climate in the family. Variance in psychosocial emotional fortification in the monogamy and polygamy family background could be an indicator to high or low academic performance of students. Research on this aspect has not been exhaustively looked into in Nigeria where the two types of family system is actively practiced bearing in mind the intervening  effect  of high and low socio-economic status.

It is based on the background that this study was carried out to find the relationship between family types and students’ academic performance in economics in Ika Local Government Area.

FAMILY TYPES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

1.2  Statement of the Problem

The academic performance of students in external examinations conducted by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) has fallen considerably below societal expectations. Sadly it was observed that out of 1,351, 557 candidates who sat for May/June 2013 West African Senior  School Certificate Examination (WAEC), only 337,071 candidates representing 24.94 percent obtained credits in English Language, Mathematics and three other subjects (Samani, 2014).

This poor performance has been debated as to what could be responsible for it. Researchers has attributed to different factors but the aspect of the family has been neglected. The family, being a powerful influence on the child and its importance as a primary agent of socialization could in no doubt enhance or hinder the academic achievement of the child depending on the social climate in the family.

Hence the need to observe if there could be any relationship between the family types and students’ academic performance in students in Ika Local Government Area.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

The main purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Family Types and Students’ Academic Performance in Economics in Ika Local Government Area. The specific objectives of the study were to:

  • Determine the relationship between monogamous family and students’  academic performance in economics
  • Determine the relationship between polygamous family and students’ academic performance in economics

FAMILY TYPES AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ECONOMICS

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Peter Hezekiah Lawson (Sir Pee). The CEO of onlineproject.com.ng. A reputable researcher, Web Developer, ICT Instructor and a publisher of many research works in Education. Call/Whatsapp for complete material: 07068634102