ABSTRACT: The study examined school type and students’ academic performance in Biology among senior secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area. Two null hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. Quasi experimental research design was adopted. A sample of 180 students were selected using simple random sampling technique. Plain sheets were used in collecting the Biology Achievement Test scores of the students for statistical analysis. The Biology Achievement Test scores were subjected to statistical analysis using t-test. The results of the analysis revealed that private senior secondary school students performed significantly better than their public school counterparts in Biology in Uyo Local Government Area. Equally, there was no difference in the academic performance of male and female students in Biology in public senior secondary schools in the study area. It was therefore recommended among others that public school teachers should be dedicated to their teaching as it is being done by their counterparts in private schools to enhance students’ performance.
1.1 Background to the study
Education all over the world is acknowledged to be the most powerful and indispensable instrument for not only economic and political advancement but also for progress in all spheres of human endeavour. Hence, the Federal Government of Nigeria has adopted education as an instrument for nurturing productive citizenry and fostering national development (Ukpong, 2003). These laudable and significant roles of education in the overall development led to the establishment of schools in all parts of the country as well as the initiation of the teaching-learning process which of course is the platform through which the goals and philosophy of education are promoted.
Moreover, in Nigeria before the advent of Western Education, the pattern of education was mostly informal. This system of education was often referred to as traditional or indigenous education which aims at preparing the child for social responsibilities, job orientation, political, moral, virtues and promotion of peace and order in the society. With the introduction of western education, parents expect their children to perform very high academically. Some parents prefer to send their wards to public and day schools because the cost is less while others prefer private and boarding schools which are competitively high cost but good academic performance (Nwosu, 2003).
It is an incontrovertible fact that the type of school in which an individual enrolled exerts a great deal of influence on his/her personality, it is the general opinion of people that private schools are better in terms of the availability of human and physical facilities and consequently good students’ performance than public schools. This situation has made many parents to enroll their children in private secondary schools (Ezewu, 2003). He added that the poor academic performance of students is caused by a number of factors which cannot be divorced from the type of schools, teachers, students, parents and the government. The school has its role in imparting knowledge, inculcating moral values and skill. It is necessary therefore that what is taught in school, who it is taught and who should teach it and with what resources should meet the needs of the learners.
Similarly, it is no exaggeration to say that critics do not see the need to improve upon students’ academic performance in boarding and day secondary schools. Professional bodies like the educationists, psychologists, sociologists, counselors and the social scientists that have direct link with this group of individuals and their behaviours are optimistic, that there is a close link between school type and students’ academic performance in senior school certificate examination (Ibe, 2004). In this regard therefore, there tends to be differences in the academic performance of students in private, boarding, public and day secondary schools in Biology in senior school certificate examination. However, this presents an area for investigation.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
There has been a lot of concern about the performance of our students in both internal and external examinations over the years. A number of factors have been enumerated by researchers in the past to have accounted for the dwindling nature of students’ performance in Biology in senior school certificate examination. Measures to remedy this unpleasant situation have long been proffered by scholars and researchers yet the poor performance of students in the subject has become a recurring feature in both internal and external school examinations.
However, there is no doubt therefore, that the type of school in which an individual attained can influence his/her academic performance, thereby culminating into their poor academic performance. It is against this background that the researcher is motivated to undertake a study on school type and students’ academic performance in Biology among secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this study was to examine school type and students’ academic performance in Biology among senior secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area. Specifically, the study sought to:
- Examine students’ academic performance in Biology in private and public senior secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.
- Find out of there is a difference in the academic performance of male and female students in Biology in public senior secondary schools in Uyo Local Government Area.
1.4 Significance of the study
The results and findings of this study will be of immense benefit to students, teachers, curriculum planners and researchers in the following ways:
- It will reveal whether the type of school an individual enrolled has an influence on his/her academic performance in senior school certificate examination.
- It will re-awaken the consciousness of teachers in public and day secondary schools to their professional commitment.
- The study will also help the public and prospective researchers that may wish to conduct research on related topics.
Originally posted on May 14, 2021 @ 11:30 am