Abstract: The study examined Mother Tongue Interference in news broadcast in AKBC (Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation). To achieve the objectives of the study, survey research design was adopted. The population of the study was ten (10) English version Broadcasters in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC). Two research questions were formulated to guide the study. Instrument used for data collection was Audio tape recordings on mother tongue interference (ATROMTIAKBC). Data analysis was simple percentage, findings revealed that in spite of the fact that Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC) performed well in their spoken English and the articulation of sound segments, these broadcasts are influenced by mother tongue which leads to their mispronunciation of words such as/very/to/fery/problem/ ploblem/ and/divine/for/ define/ during transmission. Based on these findings, the study recommended that seminars should be organized on areas affecting their mispronunciation during news transmission. In the same vein, these broadcasters should also cultivate the habit of listening regularly to the native speakers of English who will serve as models for them to emulate.
1.1 Background to the study
One of the most important differences between man and animal is man’s ability to speak and make others to understand him. Language is only possible because within each society, people agree to understand a particular pattern of sound in a particular way. For instance, all English speaking countries understand the meaning of the word ‘water’. According to Akindele and Adegbije (1999), language is:
A human phenomenon that has form which can be described in terms of units of sound (phonemes), word, morphemes, phrases, sentences and paragraphs or discourse (1).
This definition shows that language has often been identified as the most unique attribute of man. It is through language that human beings grasp and understand reality and transmit it from one generation to another. This view is buttressed by Blakar (1979) who asserts that, we actually live and behaves in a world of language. On the other hand, Victoria Fromkin and Robert Rodman (1980) quoted Noam Chomsky as saying that:
When we study human language, we are approaching what some might call the human essence. The distributive qualities of mind those are so far as we know unique to man. (1).
Language, which Oyewo Yinka describe as “the medium or vehicle for conveying ideas, a system of arbitrary vocal symbol based on social cooperation; the totality of meaningful utterance in any given society” (15) is by far the most important means of human communication. On other hand, human language is natural. According to Adebayo, (1995) “language (Human language) is one of the chief means by which a person learns to organize his experiences and thoughts”. Language is a creation which every human being is endowed with or blessed; a unique gift of language is used naturally as one tool of expression consisting of different sub skills. Language is an important tool that enhances human communication and interaction. It is a vital instrument in cultural transmission and preservation of a social group. It is in a fundamental sense, a crucial tool in the preservation and propagation of the human species. An examination of the linguistic content of a particular speech community can provide information about the life style, occupation etc. of a given people.
In the other hand, English language is the official and native language of Britain, Ireland, North America, Australia, America and most of the British colonies, (for the colonies, it is regarded as the official language rather than native). It is commonly divided by periods into Anglo-Saxon, or old English (about 450-1100 Bc), Middle English (about 1100 to 15Bc) and modern English (from 1500 to date).
Mother tongue is one’s native language. A language besides being the major distinguishing phenomenon between man and other creatures is evidently the most enduring of every people’s cultural heritage. It reflects the culture of a people and it is in extricable bound up with it.
The English language beings the national official language for the British colonies of which Nigeria is among makes it our second language. Hence, our respective mother tongue exists before colonization. This has necessitated the teaching and learning of the English language and its consequent interference in our mother tongue in various study points nation wide. It is therefore, glaring to state that, Nigeria is a linguistically complex society by the mere fact of the history of its creation. It is estimated that there are between 250 and 400 language spoken in Nigeria (INTER NET).
This linguistic heterogeneity promotes the continued use of English in Nigeria. Ethnologic include English amongst its list of Nigeria language this hardly supervising since the role of English language in Nigeria diverse and ubiquitous, especially as a means of intra and international communication. It is as a result of the negative effects which the mother tongue had caused the study of English language on the educational structures of the attempt to determine the mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).
1.2 Statement of the Problem
Before the advent of British traders, missionaries and colonialists, indigenous Nigerian language defined every aspect of the speech community from its religious, cultural, political, Economic, social to whatever else that can be through of the language functioned effectively to deal with everything relating to the day existence of the people. The arrival of the British, concomitant with the English language provided a language contact situation with an attempt to a language shift in the population.
New sets of ideas, concepts and values were introduced to the system where indigenous local language had previously been self-sufficient, rendering them inadequate to deal with the new concepts introduced by the British, particularly in the areas of formal education, Western law etc. the result was the initial subtle and later blatant intrusion & influence of English language on domains that were the exclusive preserve of indigenous language.
Now, the English language is generally an accepted language which was introduced into Nigeria through colonialism and missionary activities are now spoken, thought and learned in Nigeria.
Where English language sentence are made, they are characteristically uttered with variation in pitch often referred to as intonation. This is often an area of difficulty for second language, users of English language who have tonal? Language as their first language. This is one of the major problems encountered by learners of English language. Other areas of problem encountered are’, Sentence and word stresses, vowel sounds and English suprasegmental of pitch. The study intended to identify the effect of mother tongue interference in News Broadcast in Akwa Ibom State Broadcasting Cooperation (AKBC).
1.3 Significance of the Study
This study will help to expose the numerous factors that influence the interference of the study of English language by the mother tongue or native languages. It will also identify the effects of this interference on other study area that are based on the use of the English language as the basic communication. This study will enable AKBC to identify their problems in English language. This study will also enable AKBC Broadcasts to understand how to make use of English words especially in pronunciation, intonation and phonetics. It will also enable researchers to make more research on the use of English language. Since English language has been used as a second official and sometimes even as a foreign language in Nigeria for a long time and give the inescapable behaviour of language in contact, it is normal to expect it to have factors which can identify it as confide subject, dialect, variety or idiom of world English. These may be seen as research findings relating to interference, delineation and creativity as are seen to obtain among speakers. In Nigeria, English is now the term Nigerian English is used to refer to the subject of English spoken or written by Nigerians, it is commonly known that the features of Nigerians English language, like those of other new English, are essentially inherent particularly at the early stages of learning by the mother tongue features.
Originally posted on April 25, 2021 @ 7:11 am