Classroom Management Techniques And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools

Classroom Management Techniques And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools
Classroom Management Techniques And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools

ABSTRACT: The study was aimed at investigating Classroom Management Techniques And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools. The study targeted all SSI – SSIII Economics students in all the ten (10) public secondary schools with the total number of four thousand six hundred and fifty four (4,654) students offering Economics constituted the population of the study. The sample size consists of 200 Economics students in SS2. Two research questions and two research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study.  Economics Achievement Test (EAT) was the main instruments for data collection.  Data were analyzed using independent t-test statistical methods. The results of the findings indicated that there is a significant influence of class supervision on academic performance between students, the finding also revealed that class control influence of class supervision on academic performance between students.



Classroom Management Techniques And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools




1.1 Background to the Study

It is universally acceptable that classroom management is essential for the achievement or the targeted goal. Adams (2009) observed that most classrooms contain what they styled an “Action Zone”, an area of the classroom where the instructor focuses most of his attention and carries on a great deal of his interactions. In most learning environments, this action zone included the students who were seated in the front row and the middle aisle directly facing the instructing desk. These arrangements are capable of interfering within routine classroom activities. For a classroom to be properly managed, the teacher must use the necessary classroom management techniques in order to maintain the activities of the classroom.

However, proper understanding of the term classroom management, it is pertinent to define the term management and differentiate it from administration. Management and administration had often times been used interchangeably to mean the same thing. Hence, management is the process of mobilizing, arranging, directing, guiding resources in an organization to realize the establishment goals. (Ekanem, 2006), while administration refers to the activities performed by persons occupying high levels of government. To put these two concepts together, the level of explaining classroom management will be so meaningful.

Nkang (2006) reported that for a teacher to manage his classroom effectively, he must co-operate with other teachers in the school because co operation is the major factor used in the process of classroom management. It also involves working together with people towards the realization of a set of goal. In the classroom situation, it involves working with the head-teacher, other teachers and even students to achieve learning, the lad down rules and regulations as to the conduct of the classroom have to be followed when a teacher is in doubt he has to consult the head teacher who is suppose to be a source of inspiration to the class teacher, when the teacher is not co operating with the students, student may regard the teacher as a tyrant. Emmer and Stough (2001) observes that the ability of teachers to organize classrooms and manage the behavior of their students is critical to achieving positive educational outcomes. A good classroom environment makes good instruction possible. In addition, Fuller (2016) noted that although there are other moderating factors associated with students’ classroom behavior and student’s academic performance; teacher qualification, experience of the teacher, discipline, motivation, instructional methods, and evaluation are the key factors that determine the level of academic performance of the students.

According to Udoukpong (2008), the extent through which the teacher manage his or her classroom can attracts students to have much academic performance in Economics in senior secondary schools need teachers who have the technical know how to manage the classroom effectively.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Education is suppose to equip the individuals with the knowledge, techniques, aptitudes, values and attitudes to enable students become good, citizens  live a functional life and self reliance in our modern society. This perhaps, informed, the Federal Government of Nigeria in her National policy on Education to adopt Education as an instrument par excellence for effecting National Development (FRN, 2004). Unfortunately, over the years the poor academic performance of students in public examinations  have been a contentious issue to well- meaning Nigerians there are lot of factors ranging from poor classroom management by the teachers to students interest in learning. This was because of the fact that, the researcher intended to conduct her research in this area to know the necessary techniques to be adopted in the effective management off the classroom.

1.3 Purpose of the Study

The general purpose of this study was to examine classroom management techniques and students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary school Abak Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Assess the influence of class supervision as a classroom management skill on student academic performance in Economics.
  2. Investigate the influence of class control on students’ academic performance in Economics.

Classroom Management Techniques And Students’ Academic Performance In Secondary Schools

1.4 Significance of the Study

This study is significant because of the following reasons. The study will show or reveal the impact of teachers’ classroom management techniques on the students’ academic performance in Economics in secondary schools.

It is hopeful that the research will contribute greatly in techniques selection in the management of the classroom when teaching Economics.

This research will seek avenue to update information of the past researchers and add for future development. Also it is meant for government, policy makers, counselors and students including academic board.

The secondary school is one of the foundations of education as the research would be properly carried out; the following bodies in education will find it useful:

(a)        Teachers who are teaching Economics in secondary schools

(b)        Students who are on teaching practice

(c)        Teachers who are involved in educational guidance and counseling.

(d.)      Ministry of education

(e.)       The curriculum planners.

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