Antimicrobial Effects of Garcinia Kola on the Normal Flora of the Mouth

Antimicrobial Effects of Garcinia Kola on the Normal Flora of the Mouth
Antimicrobial Effects of Garcinia Kola on the Normal Flora of the Mouth

Abstract: This work investigated Antimicrobial Effects of Garcinia Kola on the Normal Flora of the Mouth. Two methods were adopted in this work. In the first method, Garcinia kola was chewed consecutively for 5 days after which it was observed that the bacterial load of saliva samples collected after chewing it for 5 days decreased drastically when compared to bacterial load from saliva samples collected without chewing G kola. In method two, Garcinia kola extract was obtained and impregnated on filter paper discs. These were used for sensitivity testing on samples collected from early morning mouth swabs of the volunteers. Various sizes of zones of inhibition were obtained and measured.

Antimicrobial Effects of Garcinia Kola on the Normal Flora of the Mouth

The various results obtained from this research work. methods, I and 2, showed that bitter kola possesses properties that reduce the bacterial load (normal flora: Streptococcus spp, Staphylococcus spp. Lactobaccillus etc) of the mouth to the presence of bio actives phytochemicals such as: Saponins, tannins, flavonoids, sterols, triterpenoids, alkaloid and phenol.It is therefore recommended that Patients with oral cavity deficiencies take Garcinia kola as their remedy instead of other chemical remedies and also Garcinia kola should be taken in food quantity and not in larger doses to avoid abusing it.

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

Plants are important in our everyday existence. The use of plants in traditional medical practice has a long drawn history, and remains the main stay of primary health care in most of the third world. Traditional medicines are used by about 50% of the world population, in both developing and developed countries where modern medicines are predominantly used (Mythilpriya et al., 2007).

The study of plants used in folklore remedies in treatment of microbial infections have attracted the attention of many scientists as possible alternatives to the existing drugs to which many infectious micro-organisms have become resistant. Presently, there are global problems of multiple antibiotics resistance as well as emergence of new and emergence of previously eradicated diseases leading to a pressing need for new and more potent anti-microbial compounds of natural origin to complement the existing synthetic antimicrobial anti-sickling drugs. This leads to my study on Garcinia kola.

This study therefore focuses on the Anti-microbial activities of Garcinia kola on the Normal flora of the mouth.Ithas a bitter astringent and resinous taste, somewhat resembling that of raw coffee, followed by a slight sweetness. Bitter kola is a highly valued ingredient in African ethno medicine because of its varied and numerous uses which are social and medicinal, thus making the plant an essential ingredient in folk medicine. Medicinal plants such as G. Kola are believed to be an important source of new classical substances with potential therapeutic benefits (Eisner, 2010).

 

Antimicrobial Effects of Garcinia Kola on the Normal Flora of the Mouth

1.2   Statement of the Problem

This work examines the Anti-microbial and antibiotic activities of Garcinia kola extracts on the Normal flora of the Oral cavity (mouth). It is true that there are a lot of useful microbial flora in the human mouth. But these bacteria can actually outgrow the normal microbial load of the mouth thereby leading to diverse oral deficiencies such as decay, bad breath, etc (Halitosis). This situation brings to focus the reason for this project.

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