Teachers Motivational Strategies And Students Academic Performance In Agricultural Science

Teachers Motivational Strategies And Students Academic Performance In Agricultural Science
Teachers Motivational Strategies And Students Academic Performance In Agricultural Science

ABSTRACT: This study examined teachers motivational strategies and students academic performance in Agricultural Science. Three null hypotheses were formulated in line with specific objectives to give direction to the study. The correction research design was adopted for the study. The population of study comprised all Agricultural Science Teachers and Students in the study area. A sample size of 140 respondents was used for the study. A Structured questionnaire titled” Teachers’ Motivational Strategies and students Academic Performance Questionnaire (TMSSAPQ)” “was used for data collection. The data generated for the study were analyze using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC).

The results showed Teachers’ Residence, Provision of functional library, well equipped laboratory and Students’ Academic Performance. It was concluded that there is a strong positive relationship between Teachers’ Motivation and Students’ Academic Performance in Agricultural Science. A number of recommendations were made, one of which is that government and school administration should endeavour to provide teachers with free and better accommodations especially those who are posted to the rural areas where the bulk of houses are not in good condition or urban centers where the cost of accommodation is high. This will go along way in motivating teachers for greater job performance thereby improving students’ academic performance.       


Teachers Motivational Strategies And Students Academic Performance In Agricultural Science



1.1 Background to the Study

Motivation is an indispensable factor in the teaching – learning process. The issues of motivation of teachers in education and the impact on academic performance are considered as an important aspect of effective teaching and learning. The impact of motivation on the job performance of a teacher cannot be undermined. As students need motivation to do well in school, the teacher should be equally motivated by the employer to give his/ her best in the teaching service.

However, for over two decades, the teachers of Nigeria under the aegis of the Nigeria union of teachers (NUT) have been consistent in their request for a separate conditions of service and salary structure and for teachers in primary and post primary schools in the country. This situation has arisen because of certain economic factors. Nakpodia (2006) maintained that in any educational arrangement, the success lies in the commitment  of teacher. Therefore, the relevance of job satisfaction and motivation are very crucial to the long- term growth of any educational system around the world. They probably rank alongside professional knowledge and skills, teaching competencies, educational resources and strategies as the veritable determinants of educational success and performance.

In addition, needs satisfaction and motivation to work are very essential in the lives of teachers because they form the fundamental reason for working in life. Job satisfaction in this context is the ability of the teaching job meet teachers needs and improve their teaching performance. Accordingly, it is assumed that teachers agitations and demands are beyond the resource of the ministry of education or the Government. As a result, the government of Nigeria and the Nigerian union of teachers (NUT) are in a constant stand- off over the increase in salaries, benefit and improvement in working conditions of teachers.

Akande (2014)  maintained that the federal and state government have argued that the present economic realities in the country cannot sustain the demanded increase in salaries, benefits, and improvements in working conditions of civil and public servants. Specifically they argued that teachers demands are beyond the government resources. Another problem is the government position concerning the job performance of the teachers; they accused the teachers of negligence, laziness, purposeful lethargy, and lack of dedication and zeal to work. They further argued that teachers level of efficiency and effectiveness do not necessitate the constant request for salary increase, incentives and better working conditions while teachers o their part argued that the existing salary structure, benefits and working  conditions do not satisfy their basic needs in as much as other sectors  of the economy have bigger salary structure, better motivation and enhanced working conditions.

It is the believe of most scholars that the success or otherwise of the teaching- learning process depends on the teacher. This is true because the teacher occupies a central position in the teaching-learning process and whatever takes place in the process revolves  around him or her. Hence, teachers need motivation and encouragement from their employers inorder to bring out optimal performance in students (Muheeb, 2004). The absence of basic incentive for teachers may have a resultant effect on their students academic achievement. Teachers have the biggest impact on the success and flaws of the students academic performance because their motivation  is essential in helping students learn.

Efficient teaching and learning will take place when there is strong motivation in terms of wages and incentive from the  teachers employers. This motivation may be aroused by either extrinsic or intrinsic stimuli both of which are important in directing and regulating the learners behavior towards attainment of the desired goals. Teachers should therefore be motivated through various ways which may include the organization of seminars and workshops, timely payment of salary and wages. Providing the required physical facilities like laboratories, residential houses, functional library and verbal encouragement. This will go a long  way in motivating the teachers for optimal performance and consequently improve students academic  performance in schools.

Teachers Motivational Strategies And Students Academic Performance In Agricultural Science

1.2     Statement of the Problem

There is a general public outcry on the poor academic performance of students in school. The general decline in students academic performance in schools has been an intractable problem in the nations educational system. The abysmal performance of students in school has not made possible for the realization of set goals and objectives in the teaching- learning process and is fast becoming a recurring decimal except something urgent is done to address it. The west Africa Examination Council has continued to raise concerns over the poor performance of students  in senior secondary certificate examinations.

Most people have blamed the situation on the inefficiency of teachers and lack of teachers commitment to the discharge of their professional responsibilities sequel to poor motivation from their employers. Many teachers have left teaching in public schools  for greener pasture in better  paying private schools as a result of lack of motivation and incentives needed. Students in most public schools are disadvantaged in that the classes are overcrowded and they do not have adequate learning facilities. In  some instances, they lack adequate textbooks and laboratory equipments as a result, the students may lose hope in performing well in academic work.

This development is in sharp contrast to private school where the numbers of students are few  as there are adequate facilities and the teachers are willing to go an extra mile to ensure that the students performs well in examination but the willingness to go extra mile to ensure good students performance may be frustrated when there is no motivation and encouragement to the side of the teachers.

Although, it is believed that the reward for teachers is in heaven, but there is no doubt about the fact that if there is limited or no motivation for teachers in terms of good conditions of service, their commitment to duties may drastically reduce their moral which  may in turn have a negative impact on students performance. It is against this background therefore, that this study “Teachers Motivational Strategies And Students Academic Performance in Agricultural Science in the study area” becomes imperative and was carried out.

Teachers Motivational Strategies And Students Academic Performance In Agricultural Science

1.3 Significance of the Study

          The findings of this study will be immense benefits to all and sundry in the educational sector in the following ways:

  1. It would reflect the assessment of the relationship between Teachers Residence, Provision of functional library and well equipped laboratory and students academic performance in schools.
  2. It would be of benefits to school managers and other stakeholders in the education industry because understanding the relationship between teachers motivation and students academic performance will enable them motivate teachers adequately to increase their productivity.
  3. The recommendations of this study would go a long way in bringing to the consciousness of teachers employers basic motivational strategies for teachers that will guarantee their teaching effectiveness thereby improving students academic performance.
  4. It would add to the body of existing literature on teachers motivational strategies and students’ academic performance.
  5. Finally, the findings of this study would serve as a reference material to researchers in conducting further studies on teachers’ motivational strategies in relation to student academic performance not only in Agricultural Science but other school subjects.

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Peter Hezekiah Lawson (Sir Pee). The CEO of onlineproject.com.ng. A reputable researcher, Web Developer, ICT Instructor and a publisher of many research works in Education.