The Influence of School Variable on Academic Performance of Students

The Influence of School Variable on Academic Performance of Students
The Influence of School Variable on Academic Performance of Students

ABSTRACT: This study was designed to explore The Influence of School Variable on Academic Performance of Students. Literature review of many authors were consulted for the purpose or the study. A total number of two hundred respondents were drawn from ten sampled secondary schools in the area for this study while using a simple random cluster sampling technique was used in deriving the samples from the population. A closed ended checked box questionnaire was designed, validated and administered on the respondents. Five null hypotheses were postulated and tested using the chi-square test analysis at 0.05 level of significance and the findings revealed that all the null hypotheses were statistically significant.

The Influence of School Variable on Academic Performance of Students



1.1 Background of Study

The school is a social and leaning agent that provides the environment upon which a child may be formally educated in order o attain educational goals. Human beings have unlimited capacity to learn, but may however be limited by the behavior patterns and facilities that the immediate environment offers. According to Umoh (2006), nature only provides the raw materials in form of potentials, but it is the environments that determine the extent of development.

The furtherance to the menace of law academic performance which had been on the high strain in the Nigerian academic system and cannot be over emphasized as it had eaten deep into the quality of students and eventual leaders produced into the Nigerian economy. If could be deduced that there exist a vacuum in the quality of students produced and the required quality of individual for various institutional need of the country.

In accessing the cause effect of the level of student academic performance, I consider some variables of the school as those instruments that could tailor the level of student academic performance. The school variable, which include the school size, school ownership, school type, school structure and school location is deem fit to affect students’ academic. Hence, the school variables remains an important area that should be studied and well managed to enhance student’s academic performance.

The issue of poor academic performance of students in Nigeria has been of much concern to the government, parents, teachers and even student themselves. The quality of education not only depends on the teachers as reflected in the performance of their duties, but also in the effective coordination of the school variables. It is believed that the school physical features has a form of relationship with the student academic performance in terms of the school size, structure, ownership, location and type.

The Influence of School Variable on Academic Performance of Students

A school with a highly populated students may result in the teachers not been able to monitor the performance of the students and thus reducing the students’ academic performance and also, research has postulated a form of severe relationship between the ownership of school and the students’ academic performance say public school and private school. Also, the location and availability of educational resource at the disposal of the students in terms of school variable affect their level of academic performance.

Most excelling students tends to emerge from private school in the modern academic dispensation with the paradox of whose teachers emerging from the public school in the old academic dispensation in Nigeria. To complement these studies, the present research will examine the aforementioned area of school variables as it affects students’ performance in Nigeria schools.    

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