Teaching Techniques and Students’ Academic Performance in Government

Teaching Techniques and Students’ Academic Performance in Government
Teaching Techniques and Students’ Academic Performance in Government

Abstract: This research work dealt with Teaching Techniques and Students’ Academic Performance in Government. In order to achieve these objectives, two research questions and hypotheses were formulated for the study, the review of related literature was done. The instrument used for data collection was Teaching Technique and Academic Performance Questionnaire (TTAPQ) developed by the researcher for the respondents. An expo facto research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was consisted of all SS1 – 3 students offering Government within 4 public secondary schools across Oron Local Government Area, numbering (1,815) while the sample size consisted of two hundred (200) students. A simple random sampling technique was used in selecting the subject, meanwhile, all the test scripts administered were dully collected and scores were recorded for each of the pupils and the data obtained were subjected to Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC) as a statistical tool.


Teaching Techniques and Students’ Academic Performance in Government



1.1 Background To The Study

The teaching-learning process embodies a vast array of instructional procedures at the centre of which is the teacher. The teacher’s role in this process is that of a communication concerned with eliciting relevant responses from the learners. The main purpose of teaching is to effect change in the behaviour of the learners. This purpose is achieved through proper communication on the part of the teacher. The message becomes meaningful when the teaching techniques involve the learners’ active participation and also foster transfer of learning.

Tebabal and Kahssay (2011) pointed out that the chief aim of teaching at any level of education is to bring a fundamental change in the learner. To facilitate the process of knowledge transmission, teachers usually apply certain teaching techniques that best suit the objectives of their lessons. It is then obvious that what a teacher does in the classroom depends to some degree upon his approach to the learning situation. This is because the use of any method is very critical to children’s success or failure in school.

Kearne (2008) believes that the responsibility of the teacher is to create a conducive environment and also influence pupil’s behaviour in the course of his teaching. Success in teaching is measured by the degree to which the teacher is able to achieve the desired learning of the students. In this way, he or she must know how to select the content and method to use.

Ekanem and Ntuk (2003) noted that good learning encompasses a multitalented approach. This involves exposing the facts (cognitive), making the learner develop interest and affection for what is taught (affective) and finally enabling the learner transfer what has been taught into practical terms (psychomotive). This approach of teaching gives the child a wholistic development. In this respect, the basic goals of teaching are to help students to:

  1. Acquire, retain and use knowledge
  2. Understand, analyse, synthesize and evaluate ideas.
  3. Establish habits
  4. Develop attitudes and skills
  5. Conform to socially-accepted values

According to Dyer (2005), teaching requires that the teacher plans his instruction with clearly-stated objectives. The objectives of instruction defines the positive changes in behaviour, that is, the new knowledge, new ideas, or new information that the learner will gain after undergoing a packaged teaching/learning experience.

In essence, teaching involves bringing about desirable changes in children’s character and conduct. To accomplish this onerous task, teachers should be conversant with the numerous teaching techniques at their disposal.

In other words, they need to possess requisite knowledge, skills and competences associated with management and dissemination of information in the classroom. Since effective teaching among other factors play significant role in enhancing school performance, the present research delves into investigating the influence of teaching techniques on students’ academic performances in Government in Oron Local Government Area.

Teaching Techniques and Students’ Academic Performance in Government

1.2 Statement of the Problem

It is increasingly becoming more difficult to be an effective or efficient teacher today than ever before. The demand of the learners are more complex and more varied due to the changing nature of education in the 21st century. Earlier, a teacher was expected to be vast in book knowledge and impact same to his students. Nowadays, he is thus expected to integrate all knowledge and to be an effective teacher, he should manage not only his students, but also information (Olatunbosun, 2008).

The researcher has observed with disdain that in Oron Local Government Area, the use of teacher-centred method to teach students is very rampant. For instance, in some secondary school, students are taught Government and other subjects through lecturing and story-telling. In other cases, most teachers adopt questions and answer techniques as a matter of convenience.

Regrettably, these children become passive listeners to the lesson and may lose interest in class activities. By and large, there is every possibility for such children to come out with poor results at the end. No wonder, such students would resort to examination malpractice and other unwholesome acts to pass.

Consequently, the ugly scenario described above has prompted the researcher to ask pertinent questions like:

  1. How do the teacher’s teaching techniques affects the academic performance of students in Government?
  2. Will there be any difference in students’ performances if the teacher uses two techniques to teach the same lesson in Government?
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Peter Hezekiah Lawson (Sir Pee). The CEO of onlineproject.com.ng. A reputable researcher, Web Developer, ICT Instructor and a publisher of many research works in Education.